Candida spp. is a fungal resident of the normal microbiota of gastrointestinal tract, reproductive mucosa and oral cavity. Hence, a majority of the healthy population may be prone to the most common fungal infection such as candidiasis that can be caused by any species of Candida. In women, vaginitis or vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) forms a significant part of urogenital infections with a high recurrence rate thus posing a public health issue worldwide.
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of VVC, its possible risk factors and the antifungal susceptibility of the species isolated from women attending a hospital in the central region of Saudi Arabia.
Samples of high vaginal swabs (HVS) were obtained from 208 women aged 15–64 years with signs and symptoms of VVC. The samples were cultured on Sabouraud agar plates (SDA) and incubated at 30°C for 10 days. Candida spp. were initially identified using morphologic characteristics, wet mount, germ tube test and finally confirmed with Vitek 2.
Among the samples, 34% were culture positive. Out of the positive samples, 68% were Candida albicans, followed by C. tropicalis (27%) and C. glabrata (2.7%). Majority of the C. albicans (16%) were observed in women between ages of 21–30 years. All the isolates were sensitive to the antifungals tested. Also, the presence of Candida spp. did not correlate to risk factors such as pregnancy, diabetes and use of antibiotics.
Prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis was observed in the central region of Saudi Arabia with the predominant organism as Candida albicans.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Candida spp., Vulvovaginal candidiasis, Antifungals, Diabetes, Pregnancy