Seventy cases of cryptococcosis were diagnosed in HU-FURG in seven years of study.
Cryptococcosis was the AIDS-defining illnesses in 40% of patients.
Neurocryptococcosis represented the main clinical presentation of the disease.
The majority of cases were associated with C. neoformans var. grubbii type VNI.
Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic pathogen that causes ∼15% mortality in AIDS patients. Rio Grande City, Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brazil, has the highest national rate of HIV/AIDS, considering cities with population more than 100,000 habitants.
We aimed to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological profile of cryptococcosis in a reference service for HIV-AIDS patients in the South region of Brazil, over seven years. Material and methods A retrospective study was performed including all cryptococcosis cases diagnosed at the University Hospital, Federal University of Rio Grande (UH-FURG) between January 2010 and December 2016.
Seventy cases of cryptococcosis were diagnosis from 2010 to 2016 in the UH-FURG in the seven years of the study. These numbers were responsible for 2.1% to 8.1% of the hospitalizations/year for HIV patients. All were caused by C. neoformans infection (95% C. neoformans var. grubii VNI and 5% C. neoformans var. grubii VNII). Neurocryptococcosis was the major clinical manifestation and cryptococcosis was the HIV- defining condition in 40% of patients. The period of hospitalization was an average of 39.3 days (SD=31.3), and more than half of patients (53%; 37/70) died after a mean of 82 days.
The present study showed the importance of cryptococcosis as an AIDS-defining disease in HIV-AIDS patients in a tertiary hospital from Southern Brazil. More investment is necessary to reduce the impact of this opportunistic mycosis in HIV-AIDS patients from southern Brazil.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cryptococcus neoformans, Cryptococcosis, Epidemiology, HIV-AIDS, Opportunistic infections, Fungal meningitis
Vol 30 - N° 4Artículo 101044- décembre 2020 Regresar al número
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