COPD is underdiagnosed and is projected to be the third cause of death in 2030. However, recent reviews do not recommend screening for COPD in the general population.
We conducted a prospective study to assess the feasibility of implementing COPD screening in a high-risk COPD population, with the help of various healthcare professionals (General practitioners, pharmacists, dentists, physiotherapists, and nurses). Participants filled out a questionnaire, performed a spirometry (COPD6™) and counselling was performed, including smoking cessation and chest physician referral. Participants were contacted at two months to evaluate the effect of the intervention.
Between April 7th, 2017 and July 30th, 2018, 157 participants filled out the questionnaires, performed spirometry and were contacted at two months. Thirty-five out of 157 (22% [95% CI, 15.8-28.8]) participants were detected with an airflow obstruction (FEV1/FEV6 < 0.7), using COPD6™ device. At the two-month-contact, 68 participants (43%, [95%CI 35.5-51.1]) were engaged in a smoking cessation program and 22 (14% [95 % CI, 8.6-19.4]) reported having quit smoking.
This pilot study suggested that a predefined screening of COPD by different healthcare professionals could be implemented in primary care and might be part of counselling for smoking cessation (NCT03104348 on ClinicalTrials.gov).El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.