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the quantification of tooth movements should be obtained at different specific times and compared at different stages for every orthodontic treatment. These movements are generally measured on teleradiographs or casts. The use of Cone Beam Computed tomography (CBCT) for maxillary superimposition is clearly established in the literature, but not well defined for mandibular superimposition. This study aims to explore and evaluate the accuracy of the mylo-hyoid area as a reference for mandibular Digital Dental Cast (DDC) three-dimensional (3D) superimposition.
Materials and methods
the study compared mandibular 3D overlays with profile teleradiographs in 30 patients followed at Nice Saint Roch University Hospital. The molar and incisor coordinates on the 3D superimposition based on the mylo-hyoid area were compared to the ones on the 2D lateral cephalogram. Differences between the two methods of superimposition were assessed using paired t-tests.
No statistically significant difference was observed between the lateral cephalogram-based and mandibular DDC superimposition methods in 3D sagittal and vertical displacements of the lower first molars and central incisors.
The study showed the mylo-hyoid area to be an accurate superimposition landmark for the 3D evaluation of mandibular orthodontic tooth displacement. This method is also applicable for patients with conventional orthodontic treatment records. Other studies should be conducted on larger populations, subgroups (malocclusions, therapeutics) and on the use of an intra-oral camera.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Digital cast, Mylo-hyoid line, Mandible superimposition, Three-dimensional