The objective of the present study was to determine the in vitro Azole antifungals susceptibility of Candida spp. strains isolated from HIV-positive patients with periodontitis.
Oral examination was performed in 500 HIV-positive patients, of which 228 were included in the study for having periodontitis which and separated in two groups based on their TCD4+ T-cells: (A) n = 110 (≤200 CD4+); (B) n = 118 (>200 CD4+). Candida spp. were isolated from the subgingival biofilm and crevicular fluid by seeding on CHROMagar plates and confirmed by endpoint PCR and MALDI-TOF. The susceptibility test in vitro for five antifungals was performed using the disc diffusion method.
From the 228 HIV-positive patients with periodontitis, 174 were positive to Candida spp., and 204 isolations were obtained. 138 (67.64%) were C. albicans, and 66 (32.35%) were Candida non-albicans species. The most frequent Candida non-albicans species in order of frequency were C. glabrata with 48 (23.52%), C. tropicalis with 10 (4.9%), C. krusei with 7 (3.43%), and C. dubliniensis with 1 (0.49%). All species presented resistance to any antifungal: 149 to 5-fluorocytosine (73.0%), 149 to fluconazole (73.0%), and 144 to voriconazole (70.7%). Miconazole and econazole presented the highest susceptibility rates with 129 (63.2%) and 130 (63.7%) isolations, respectively.
The Candida spp. involved in periodontitis of HIV-positive patients have a multi-resistant feature. It is necessary to implement recurrent research regarding the antifungal resistance of the Candida spp. that take part in periodontitis pathogenesis to promote an effective treatment in HIV patients.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Candida spp., antifungal susceptibility, periodontitis, HIV-infection and multi-resistant