Prehabilitation is defined as preoperative conditioning of patients in order to improve post-operative outcomes. Some studies showed an increase in functional recovery following colorectal surgery, but its effect in hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is unclear. The aim of this study was to realize a systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the current available evidence on prehabilitation in HPB surgery.
Materials and methods
A systematic review and a metanalysis were carried out on prehabilitation (physical, nutritional and psychological interventions) in HPB surgery (2009-2019). Assessed outcomes were postoperative complications, length of stay (LOS), 30-day readmission, and mortality.
Four studies among the 191 screened were included in this systematic review (3 randomized controlled trials, 1 case-control propensity score study), involving 419 patients (prehabilitation group, n=139; control group, n=280). After pooling, no difference was observed on LOS ((−4.37 days [95% CI: −8.86; 0.13]) or postoperative complications (RR 0.83 [95%CI: 0.62; 1.10]), reported by all the included studies. Two trials reported on readmission rate, but given the high heterogeneity, a meta-analysis was not realized. No deaths were reported among the included studies.
No effect of prehabilitation programs in HPB surgery was observed on LOS or postoperative complications rate. Future trials with standardized outcomes of measure, and adequately powered samples calculations are thus required.
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Keywords : Prehabilitation, Enhanced recovery after surgery, Liver surgery, Pancreatic surgery, Patient recovery