Background and purpose
Contrast-enhanced (CE) 3D magnetic resonance venography (MRV) and CE 3D magnetization prepared rapid acquisition of gradient echo (MP-RAGE) sequences are increasingly commonly used methods for evaluation of the intracranial venous system. Our aim was to compare CE MRV, 2D time-of-flight (TOF) MRV and MP-RAGE sequences at 3 T for visualization of cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis.
Material and methods
Patients with suspected or known cerebral venous thrombosis were examined prospectively by TOF MRV, CE MRV and MP-RAGE sequences. In 11 consecutive patients (all women; mean age, 42.5 years; age range, 25–70 years) with venous thrombosis, scores according to overall image quality, and presence or absence (score P) and differentiation (score D) of venous thrombosis were evaluated.
By all measurements, overall image quality ranged from good to excellent. In 20 of 52 venous structures (38.5%), score P was the same on TOF MRV, CE MRV and MP-RAGE sequences. Venous thrombosis was definitely or almost definitely present or absent with TOF MRV in 20 of 52 (38.5%), with CE MRV in 97 of 99 (97.9%) and with MP-RAGE sequences in 86 of 99 (86.9%) venous structures. In all venous structures with uncertain diagnosis on TOF MRV, thrombosis was definitely or almost definitely present or absent on CE MRV and MP-RAGE sequences. Differentiation of thrombosis was better on CE MRV (score D: 3.33) than on MP-RAGE sequences (score D: 2.78), followed by TOF MRV (score D: 1.32).
CE MRV was superior to TOF MRV and MP-RAGE sequences in visualizing cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : 3-T, Contrast-enhanced MR venography, MP-RAGE sequences, TOF MR venography, Parallel imaging, Cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis