Candida tropicalis is an emerging fungal pathogen associated with high mortality. We aimed to compare adherence capability of C. tropicalis to polystyrene and epithelial cell lines (HeLa and Vero), and determine whether adherent blastoconidia is cell-type specific. Blastoconidia adhesion to epithelial cells and polystyrene were determined by crystal violet assay. The percentage of epithelial cells with adhered blastoconidia and the number of adhered blastoconidia per cell line were determined by light microscopy. The correlation between adhesion surfaces was assessed by Pearson's correlation coefficient. The adhesiveness of C. tropicalis to polystyrene was greater than that observed for ephitelial cells. High correlation values (r2 0.9999222, p 0.007941) were found for the adhesion capability between biotic and polystyrene surface for isolates 100.10 (obtained from blood) and 335.07 (obtained from tracheal secretion). The number of adherent blastoconidia per HeLa cell was greater in comparison to that observed for Vero cells (P<0.05). Further, high correlation (r2 1, p 0.0001) was found for the adhesion ability between HeLa cells and Vero cells. The results suggest a correlation of C. tropicalis adhesion capability among different surfaces, and that the adhesion to epithelial cells is specific to the cell type.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Candida tropicalis, Adherence, HeLa cells, Vero cells