On conventional magnetic resonance imaging bone plasmacytoma and bone metastasis in the extremities display different morphological patterns.
Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and standard deviation of ADC derived from diffusion-weighted imaging show the highest AUC in differentiating between plasmacytoma and metastasis in the extremities.
The addition of diffusion-weighted imaging to conventional MRI improves the capabilities of MRI to discriminate between plasmacytoma and bone metastasis in the extremities.
To compare conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the differentiation of bone plasmacytoma from bone metastasis in the extremities.
Materials and methods
A total of 65 patients with 27 bone plasmacytomas (11 men; mean age, 63.6±8.2 [SD] years) and 38 patients with bone metastases (20 men; mean age, 64.1±11.5 [SD] years) were retrospectively included. Plasmacytomas and metastases were compared for size, peritumoral edema, signal intensity (SI), SI pattern, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and standard deviation (SD) of ADC. Receiver operating characteristic analysis with area under the curve (AUC) was used to calculate sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MRI and DWI for the diagnosis of plasmacytoma according to a defined cut-off value.
On conventional MRI, plasmacytomas showed less peritumoral edema (22% vs. 71%; P<0.001), were more often hyperintense on T1-weighted image (48% vs. 18%; P=0.022) and more homogeneous on T2-weighted image (78% vs. 26%; P<0.001) and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images (70% vs. 25%; P=0.001) than bone metastases. Mean ADC value and SD of ADC were significantly lower in bone plasmacytomas (760.1±196.9 [SD] μm2/s and 161.5±62.7 [SD], respectively) than in bone metastases (1214.2±382.6 [SD] μm2/s and 277.0±110.3 [SD], respectively) (P<0.001). Using an ADC value≤908.3μm2/s, DWI yielded 88% sensitivity and 78% specificity for the diagnosis of plasmacytoma. ADC value yielded best area under the curve (AUC=0.913), followed by SD of ADC (AUC=0.814) and homogeneity on T2-weighted images (AUC=0.757). The combination of conventional MRI and DWI (AUC=0.894) showed improved diagnostic performance over conventional MRI alone (AUC= 0.843) for discriminating between plasmacytoma and metastasis.
Conventional MRI in combination with DWI can be useful to discriminate between bone plasmacytoma and bone metastasis in the extremities.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Plasmacytoma, Neoplasm metastasis, Extremities, Magnetic resonance imaging, Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging
Abbreviations : ADC, AUC, CI, DWI, FOV, HCC, ICC, MRI, RCC, ROC, ROI, SD, SI