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European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Volume 133, n° 3
pages 171-174 (juin 2016)
Doi : 10.1016/j.anorl.2016.01.004
Analysis of case reports submitted to the European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Diseases

O. Laccourreye , P. Bonfils, F. Denoyelle, R. Garrel, R. Jankowski, A. Karkas, M. Makeieff, C. Righini, C. Vincent, C. Martin
 HEGP, service d’oto-rhinolaryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale, AP–HP, université Paris-Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 20–40, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France 

Corresponding author.

To assess flaws, rejection rate and reasons for rejection of case reports submitted for publication in the European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Diseases .

Materials and methods

A prospective analysis of flaws noted in reviewing 118 case reports from 29 countries consecutively submitted to the European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Diseases during the period Sept. 1, 2014 to Sept. 30, 2015.


The most frequent flaws, noted in 74.5% of cases, were: lack of originality (more than 15 such cases previously reported in the medical literature) and lack of new data contributing to the medical literature. Overall, 5% of the cases were accepted for publication, 7% were not resubmitted by the authors, and 88% were rejected. On univariate analysis, none of the variables under analysis correlated with acceptance or rejection of the submitted case. Editorial decision time varied from 1 to 7months (median, 1 month). In 16.3% of the 104 cases of rejection (17/104), the editors suggested resubmission in the section “Letter to the Editor” or “What is your diagnosis?”; 15 of the 17 reports were resubmitted, and 10 (66.6%) were ultimately accepted for publication.


The editorial committee of the European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Diseases hope that the present data and review of the literature will provide authors with a framework to avoid major errors leading to rejection and will speed publication of the case reports they submit to our columns in the near future.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Medical writing, Case report, Otorhinolaryngology

 Editorial Committee of the European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology Head Neck Diseases (publisher: Elsevier).

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