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Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le samedi 16 février 2019
Doi : 10.1016/j.otsr.2018.10.009
Received : 29 September 2017 ;  accepted : 29 October 2018
Arthroscopic chronic tennis elbow surgery preserves elbow proprioception

Meric Unal a, , Aydin Budeyri b, Sabriye Ercan c, Onur Serbest d, Onur Dogan e, Hilmi Mustafa Demir f, Cem Cetin a
a Sports Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey 
b Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, SANKO University, Gaziantep, Turkey 
c Sports Medicine Department, Dr. Ersin Arslan Education and Research Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey 
d Sports Medicine Department Aydın State Hospital, Aydın, Turkey 
e Special Physiotherapy Center, Eskisehir, Turkey 
f Sports Medicine Department, Van Education and Research Hospital, Van, Turkey 

Corresponding author.
Study design

Retrospective cohort study.


A new method of accurately assessing the compromised elbow's proprioception was developed for this postsurgical population using information from previous neurophysiologic proprioception studies of healthy elbows.


This retrospective cohort study investigated the patterns and the degree of proprioceptive impairment and recovery following arthroscopic surgery for chronic lateral epicondylitis.

Material and methods

Participants had undergone arthroscopic elbow surgery two years prior to this study (n =15). Healthy, non-injured volunteers with similar demographics (n =15) served as controls. Both groups were evaluated using quantitative measures of joint position sense for proprioceptive functioning. In order to obtain the most accurate proprioceptive measurements, interindividual interaction and visual input biases were eliminated. Retrospective chart reviews were performed to compare qualitative self-reported measures of proprioceptive function in arthroscopic surgery patients before surgery and two years post-surgery.


Active and passive joint repositioning outcome measurements were similar between groups (p >0.05). No significant differences were found among any angles except one: passive joint position sense at 120° of flexion (p <0.05). At this angle, the arthroscopy group showed greater deviation from target angles than the control group. The novel proprioceptive testing method we developed was found to be accurate and reliable.


Outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of chronic lateral epicondylitis with no decortication yielded outcomes measure similar to those of healthy controls. The sole significant difference was at 120° flexion passive joint repositioning, with a higher negative angular deviation from the target point. We propose that our study results and specific proprioception method may have implications for improving accuracy of future elbow arthroscopy and proprioceptive recovery in this population.

Level of evidence

II, low-powered prospective randomized trial.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Chronic lateral epicondylitis, Elbow arthroscopy, Elbow proprioception

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