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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 26, n° 3
pages 168-170 (avril 2019)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2019.02.012
Received : 10 July 2017 ;  accepted : 9 February 2019
Shorts Communication

Compressive chylothorax after lumbar spine fracture

P. Meignan b, , W. Lakhal a, A. Binet b, A. Le Touze b, B. De Courtivron a, H. Lardy b, C. Bonnard a, T. Odent a
a Chirurgie orthopédique pédiatrique, hôpital Clocheville, 49, boulevard Beranger, 37000 Tours, France 
b Chirurgie viscérale pédiatrique, hôpital Clocheville, 49, boulevard Beranger, 37000 Tours, France 

Corresponding author.

A 14-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital after an episode of blunt trauma to the thorax, resulting in a Chance fracture of L1 and a compressive chylothorax 72h after admission. After initial drainage in the operating room, conservative management was successful. This case study documents one of the rare complications of spinal fractures in the context of high-energy blunt trauma. It is the first detailing a noniatrogenic post-traumatic compressive chylothorax in pediatrics responding positively to conservative management. Drainage should be considered the first-line procedure for both therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. Surgery is required if the leakage is still present after parenteral feeding and the implementation of a fat-free diet for 5–7 days.

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Keywords : Chylothorax, Blunt trauma, Spine fracture, Pediatrics

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