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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 19, n° 10
pages 1095-1099 (octobre 2012)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2012.07.004
Received : 11 November 2011 ;  accepted : 7 July 2012
Réduction du temps de sommeil chez les adolescents : conséquences et prise en charge ?
What are the effects and management of short sleep duration in adolescents?
 

F. Bat-Pitault , D. Da Fonseca
Service de pédopsychiatrie Espace Arthur, hôpital Sainte-Marguerite, 270, boulevard de Sainte-Marguerite, 13274 Marseille cedex 9, France 

Auteur correspondant.
Résumé

La réduction du temps de sommeil est un phénomène très fréquent dans la population générale, principalement en lien avec les modes de vies dans les pays industrialisés. On observe une augmentation de ce phénomène depuis un demi-siècle et les adolescents sont particulièrement touchés. Étant donné l’ampleur de cette restriction de sommeil, il semble important de s’intéresser à ses mécanismes mais aussi à ses conséquences neurocognitives, endocriniennes, métaboliques, pondérales, psychologiques et scolaires chez les adolescents. Une fois l’état des lieux fait, nous présentons une synthèse des solutions que l’on peut proposer aux adolescents et à leur environnement familial ou scolaire pour allonger leur temps de sommeil total et ainsi tenter de diminuer les conséquences négatives de la réduction actuelle du temps de sommeil.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Summary

Sleep deprivation is highly prevalent in the general population and related to lifestyle in industrialized countries. There has been an increase in this reduction of sleep for half a century and adolescents are particularly affected. Given the magnitude of this sleep restriction, it seems important to focus its mechanisms and its neurocognitive, endocrine, metabolic, weight, psychological and school consequences on adolescents. This sleep deprivation is described and the solutions that can be proposed to adolescents and their family or school environment to increase sleep duration and decrease the negative consequences of their current sleep deprivation are reviewed.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.


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