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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 17, n° S5
pages 208-212 (décembre 2010)
Doi : 10.1016/S0929-693X(10)70929-5
Diversification alimentaire et construction du goût
Food diversification and taste building
 

N. Rigal
Université de Paris-Ouest-Nanterre-La-Défense (EA 4431), 92001 Nanterre, France 

Résumé

Avant l’âge de deux ans en moyenne, les enfants ont des comportements très adaptatifs dans le domaine alimentaire : ils éprouvent du plaisir à consommer ce qui est nourrissant, sont attirés par les odeurs avec lesquelles ils ont été familiarisés pendant la vie utérine ou la phase d’allaitement et se montrent très peu sélectifs. Cette période, dite d’ouverture, est donc idéale pour apprendre à l’enfant à apprécier une large variété d’aliments. Au-delà de deux ans, la plupart des enfants traversent une phase normale de néophobie lors de laquelle ils sont réticents à goûter des aliments non familiers et l’ensemble des légumes. Proposer de façon répétée ces aliments a priori rejetés est la méthode la plus efficace pour les aider à dépasser cette phase de fermeture. Il semble de plus que plus les enfants aient consommé une large variété d’aliments pendant la phase d’ouverture, moins ils se montrent néophobes lors de la phase de fermeture.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Summary

Before the age of two years, children have very adaptive behaviors in the food domain: they feel pleasure to consume what is nourishing, are attracted by the smells with which they were familiarized in utero or during breastfeeding and are not picky. This period of openness is thus ideal to teach to the child to appreciate a wide variety of foods. Beyond two years of age, most of the children cross a normal phase of neophobia during which they are reluctant to appreciate unknown foods and vegetables. The most effective method to help them to exceed this phase of closure is to propose these rejected foods in a repeated manner. It seems moreover that the more the children would have consumed a wide variety of food during the phase of openness, the less they would elicit neophobia during the phase of closure.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.


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