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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume 52, n° 6
pages 1009-1019 (juin 2005)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jaad.2004.11.051

Livedo reticularis: An update

Mark B. Gibbs, BS, Joseph C. English, MD, Matthew J. Zirwas, MD
From the Department of Dermatology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


Livedo reticularis (LR) is a well-known, relatively common physical finding consisting of macular, violaceous, connecting rings that form a netlike pattern (Fig 1). In most cases, it is a completely benign finding related to cold exposure. However, there are many potential causes (Table I), and this can make the evaluation of a patient presenting with this finding very difficult. An excellent review of the topic by Fleischer and Resnick1 was published in 1990. We have endeavored to update the literature and provide clinicians with guidance regarding the evaluation and treatment of patients presenting with LR.

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 Funding sources: None.
Conflicts of interest: None identified.
Reprints not available from the authors.

© 2005  American Academy of Dermatology, Inc.@@#104156@@