Rehabilitation aims to decrease neurological impairments, in guiding plasticity. Electrical stimulation has been used for many years in rehabilitation treatment of neurological disabilities as a tool for neuromodulation inducing plasticity, although the mechanisms of its action are not well known. The applications vary, encompassing therapeutic and rehabilitative aims. The type and site of stimulation vary depending on the objectives. Some techniques are widely used in clinical practice; others are still in the research stage. They may be invasive, epidural or in direct contact with neurons; they may be noninvasive, applied transcutaneously or indirectly by current vectors. The indications vary: mobility, functionality, pain as well as pharyngeal, respiratory, and perineal function. This paper aims to summarize current data on electrical neuromodulation techniques used in neurorehabilitation, their effects and their mechanisms of action.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Electrical stimulation, Neuromodulation, Plasticity, Stroke, Spinal cord