This paper comments on the report by a committee of La Société Française de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation (SOFMER) in response to the Haute Autorité de santé in France concerning the classification and clinical management of disorders of comportment following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In view of the large number of patients and families affected by these disorders, there is a strong rationale for these guidelines to ensure that clinical assessment and treatment is evidence-based. The report is viewed from the perspective of current research on disorders of comportment and in relation to recent reviews and meta-analyses on this topic. Comments on the classification draw on pathophysiology and brain imaging in addition to the clinical literature. The SOFMER report and recent projects in North America are compared for trends in the development of recommended assessment scales and standard, evidence-based treatment protocols for pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions. Collaborative, multinational investigations of TBI are also noted, which are advancing progress toward guidelines for clinical management.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Traumatic brain injury, Neurobehavioral disorder, Rehabilitation