To evaluate the contribution of multiphase whole-body CT angiography (CTA) for identifying the contra-indications to multiorgan retrieval (MOR) and improving the preoperative organ harvesting strategy.
Patients and methods
One hundred and eleven consecutive patients who were clinically brain dead underwent multiphase whole-body CTA to confirm the diagnosis of brain death and for assessment of MOR. The CTA protocol included volumetric acquisitions of the brain and abdominopelvic cavity without IV administration of iodinated contrast material, then images of the thorax-abdomen-pelvis 25s after IV contrast administration, of the brain at 60s and finally an abdominopelvic CT acquisition at 90s. The diagnosis of brain death was based on well-established criteria. The assessment of thorax, abdomen and pelvis was based on a systematic checklist. Post-processing imaging techniques were used in all patients.
No organs were retrieved from 21 patients due to patient refusal (19%). Twenty-two potential MOR were denied because of general contra-indications including 12/22 (54%) based on CTA criteria alone. Finally, 68 patients were eligible for MOR and 160 organs were harvested. The exclusion of specific organs was based on CTA alone for 2/16 livers, 4/70 kidneys and 5/55 lungs. Fifty hearts and 58 pancreases were not harvested, none based on CTA results alone. Hepatic abnormalities and vascular anatomical variants were identified in 10% of patients. At least one renal artery variant was found in 28% of patients, 13% presented with a double renal vein and 8% with a hepato-mesenteric artery.
Multiphase whole-body CTA for MOR is based on the simultaneous association of cerebral CTA to determine brain death with CTA of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis. This rapid, standardized and easily accessible procedure has no harmful effects on harvested kidneys. It makes it possible to select the donors and the organs to be harvested and allows the retrieving surgeon to identify and anticipate technical difficulties.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Multiorgan harvesting, Brain death, Multiphase whole-body CT angiography