In animal models and healthy volunteers, the use of GABA A receptor agonists (GABA-AGs) seem deleterious for functional recovery. The agents are widely used for subacute stroke, but their effect on functional recovery remains unclear.
We aimed to evaluate the association between GABA-AG use and functional recovery after stroke.
We retrospectively recruited 434 survivors of subacute stroke admitted for inpatient rehabilitation between 2000 and 2013 in our institution (107 with and 327 without GABA-AG use). We used multivariate regression to assess the association of GABA-AG use and successful functional recovery, defined as reaching, between admission and discharge, the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of 22 points on the global Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Secondary analyses were the associations of GABA-AG with cognitive and motor FIM MCID and constant GABA-AG exposure (24h/24 GABA-AG) with global, cognitive and motor FIM MCID. A new estimation of the MCID was performed with the standard error of measurement.
Reaching the global FIM MCID was associated with GABA-AG use (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.54 [95% CI 0.31–0.91], P=0.02) as well as 24h/24 GABA-AG use (aOR 0.25 [0.08–0.83]; P=0.02). Furthermore, GABA-AG and 24h/24 GABA-AG use was inversely but not always significantly associated with reaching the cognitive FIM MCID (aOR 0.56, P=0.07; aOR 0.26, P=0.06, respectively) and motor FIM MCID (aOR 0.51, P=0.07; aOR 0.13, P=0.01, respectively). The estimated MCID was 19 for global FIM, 4 for cognitive FIM, and 16 for motor FIM.
GABA-AG use is associated with not reaching successful functional recovery during stroke rehabilitation. Randomised trials are needed to formally establish the potential deleterious effect of GABA-AG use on functional recovery.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Recovery, Rehabilitation, Stroke, GABA-A receptor agonists, Benzodiazepines, Minimal clinically important difference, Functional independence measure