The purpose of this study was to compare hamstring donor-site injection versus intra-articular injection of a local anaesthetic for analgesia after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.
The two methods provide similar pain relief.
Material and methods
158 consecutive patients undergoing ACL hamstring tendon graft reconstruction (semi-tendinosus/gracilis [STG] or four-stranded semi-tendinosus [ST4]) during two periods in 2015 were included. Peripheral nerve block was not performed. At the end of surgery, 20mL of ropivacaine 7.5mg/mL was injected, intra-articularly during the early period (n=79) and into the hamstring donor site during the second period (n=79). Post-operative pain was evaluated subjectively by the patients using a visual analogue scale (VAS). We recorded patient demographics, concomitant surgical procedures, VAS pain scores, rescue analgesic use, time to discharge, and patient satisfaction. VAS pain score, side effects, and patient satisfaction were also recorded during a phone interview on the day after surgery (D1).
Mean VAS pain scores were not significantly different between the two groups immediately after surgery (D0) or on D1 (D0: intra-articular, 2.08 and donor site, 1.88; Mann–Whitney P=0.6). Neither were the groups significantly different for rescue analgesic use, patient satisfaction, or quadriceps activation.
The same local anaesthetic provides similar pain relief when injected intra-articularly or into the hamstring donor site after hamstring tendon ACL reconstruction (STG or ST4).
Level of evidence
III, prospective case–control study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Knee, Anterior cruciate ligament, Hamstring donor-site injection, Local anaesthesia