During anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction procedures, anterolateral reconstruction (ALR) can also be performed to improve the knee's rotational stability. However, the effectiveness of this supplemental technique and its impact on the risk of retears and on the onset of secondary degenerative changesare controversial.
ALR improves control over the pivot shift, reduces the retear risk and delays the appearance of secondary degenerative lesions.
Material and methods
Clinical examination, knee laxity measurements and X-ray evaluations were done in 478 patients with more than 3years’ follow-up after combined ACL and ALR from 11 participating hospitals. The mean patient age at the time of surgery was 28years. Eighty-eight percent of the patients participated in pivot sports and 45% were competitive athletes. The findings of this study were compared to historical isolated ACL reconstruction data.
The average follow-up was 6.8years. No detectable pivot shift was found in 83% of patients, while 12.8% of patient had a smooth glide. The side-to-side difference in anteroposterior knee laxity with maximum manual force was less than 3mm in 66% of patients and less than 5mm in 95%. The retear rate was 5.4%, with half of these patients undergoing revision ACL surgery. Secondary meniscus damage requiring surgery occurred in 6.3% of patients; the radiological osteoarthritis rate was 17.5%.
When compared to historical ACL reconstruction data, combined intra- and extra-articular reconstruction does not increase the complication rate. At a mean follow-up of 6.8years, it provides better control over the pivot shift along with a low retear rate and low occurrence of secondary meniscus injuries.
Level of evidence
IV, multicenter study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Anterior cruciate ligament, ACL, Anterolateral ligament, Results, Intra-articular and extra-articular reconstruction