The laryngeal monitoring of the inferior and superior laryngeal nerves, and the vagus nerve, has advanced for last years, in practice of thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Different methods are used, using direct or indirect laryngeal stimulation and also intermittent or continuous nerve registration. At present time, various recommendations of it in the world use are reported, and availability of the tool used remains a limit in some countries. The aim of this Icon during Ifos 2017 was to share knowledge about laryngeal intraoperative nerve monitoring (LIONM) procedures and to evaluate current practices used to improve the quality of thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Benefits of LIONM were discussed with three experts (Pr G. Randolph from Boston, Pr Henning Dralle from Halle in Germany, Pr Hoon Yub KIM from Seoul). All of them have been actively involved in the development and use of laryngeal nerve monitoring during thyroid and parathyroid surgery.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Laryngeal intraoperative nerve monitoring (LIONM), Recurrent or inferior laryngeal nerve, Vagus nerve, Laryngeal paralysis, Thyroid surgery, Parathyroid surgery