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This animal study analyzes the behaviour of a new liquid embolic agent in a swine model.
Magic glue (MG) achieved similar penetrations in rete mirabilis compared to NBCA.
MG required lower traction forces for microcatheter withdrawal with non-detachable tip.
The pressure cooker technique did not improve the extent of CYA penetration in this model.
The pressure cooker (PC) technique uses a second microcatheter to produce a proximal occlusion to prevent the reflux of liquid embolic agent (LEA) injected through a more distal microcatheter, and can be used to treat arteriovenous malformations and dural arteriovenous fistulae. The liquid embolic Magic Glue (MG) (N-hexyl cyanoacrylate (NHCA)) has been introduced as an alternative to N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA). Our goals were to compare the extent of embolization of rete mirabile with or without the PC technique using NBCA or MG, and to compare the proximal occlusions obtained with MG or NBCA while using the PC technique in a renal arterial model.
Rete mirabile were embolized with (n = 4) and without (n = 4) the PC technique, using MG (n = 4) or NBCA (n = 4). A renal arterial model was then used to study the characteristics of the MG plug (n = 10) used for the PC technique, and resistance to catheter withdrawal as compared to NBCA (n = 4). Specimens were analyzed macro- and microscopically and compared to angiographic results.
Extent of rete embolization with CYA agents was not significantly greater when using the PC technique. Results were similar with both types of cyanoacrylate (p = 0.657). The force necessary to withdraw the microcatheter was less with MG than with NBCA (p = 0.035).
MG was similar to NBCA in extent of rete embolization. Less traction force was necessary to withdraw trapped non-detachable microcatheters using MG compared to NBCA.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Liquid embolic agents, AVM, Rete mirabile, Cyanoacrylates
Abbreviations : AVM, CYA, EVOH, LEA, PC, MG, NBCA