Pilot data from the Self-Blame and Perspective-Taking Intervention for eating disorders - 04/03/21
Eating disorders (EDs) are characterized by altered eating behaviors and valuation of self-image, as well as difficulty establishing supportive social relationships. This pilot study evaluated feasibility, acceptability, and clinical responses to a novel and brief group-therapy intervention for EDs, the Self-Blame and Perspective-Taking Intervention (SBPI). The SBPI consisted of four sessions of experiential art therapy activities in conjunction with psychoeducation targeting interpersonal attributions and mentalization. Twenty-four outpatient, treatment-seeking women with EDs participated in the SBPI, with 87.5% completing the intervention and 94% rating their participation positively. Eating disorder symptoms, depression, anxiety, self-attribution bias, and self-esteem were assessed before (T1) and after participation (n=20 at T2; n=18 at T3). Separate repeated measures MANOVAs were performed to assess these clinical and self-concept variables. Relative to baseline, participants demonstrated significant improvements in all self-concept measures: self-attribution bias, trait self-esteem and state self-esteem at T2. ED, depression, and anxiety symptoms were significantly decreased at both T2 (1-4 weeks post) and T3 (3-5 months post). The SBPI altered self-concept targets acutely with sustained clinical improvements. Future work is needed to evaluate how self-concept and social constructs are related to clinical symptom expression in EDs.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, Binge eating disorder, Self-evaluation, Social cognition, Interpersonal psychotherapy
Vol 31 - N° 1P. 57-66 - mars 2021 Retour au numéro
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