Acquired hemophilia (AH) is a rare, serious bleeding disorder most often associated with older age and life-threatening complications. The patient care pathway for AH is complex because of the different types of bleeding, the presence of comorbidities, and the heterogeneity of medical specialists who care for these patients.
This observational study used the French national PMSI (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d’information) database to characterize patients with AH in real-life practice and analyze their hospital pathway. In total, 180 patients with AH were identified over a 5-year study period (January 2010 to December 2014), based on three criteria: bypassing agent use, International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision code allocation, and aged over 65 years. Comparison of the incidence rate of AH versus registry data validated the PMSI as an epidemiological database.
Rituximab was prescribed more often (60/180; 33.3%) than expected following guidelines and was associated in half of cases to early infections (32/60; 53.3%), surgery procedures were frequently performed during the year before AH onset (29/159; 18.2%), which may suggest a triggering effect, extended hospital stays (median: 20 days) and mortality remaining high (66/180; 36.7%) that occurred mainly during the first month after AH diagnosis. Median costs and number of injections were comparable between recombinant activated factor VII and plasma-derived activated prothrombin complex concentrate.
These findings could inform future medico-economic approaches in this AH population (duration of stays, bypassing agents, rituximab use, comorbidities, hospitalizations with infections).Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Antibodies, Chronic disease, Epidemiology, Factor VII, Hemophilia, Public health