Osteoid osteoma is a painful, benign bone tumor that mainly affects young people. Thermocoagulation is one of the recommended percutaneous treatment methods. This study sought to assess its efficacy and identify risk factors for osteoma recurrence.
Results were analyzed retrospectively for a group of 87 patients treated by thermocoagulation between 2002 and 2011. The recurrence rate was calculated and analyzed relative to patient and tumor characteristics. The treatment efficacy was determined and methods to prevent complications were analyzed.
The mean follow-up time was 34 months. The average patient age was 23 years. There were seven complications including three patients with delayed wound healing, mainly at tibial sites. The recurrence rate was 10.4%. The success rate for first-line treatment was 89.6% and it was 97.5% for second-line treatment. Analysis of patient characteristics and tumor locations revealed no risk factors for recurrence.
Percutaneous thermocoagulation is a reliable and effective technique that provides fast, long-lasting pain relief. However recurrence can occur even after the nidus is completely resected. These recurrences can be effectively managed by repeat treatment. Recent technical improvements have reduced the risk of thermocoagulation-related complications.
Level of evidence
IV.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Osteoid osteoma, Thermocoagulation, Radiofrequency, Outcomes