It has been suggested that the indication for lumbar total disc replacement (LTDR) takes into account the local parameters, such as the type of disc disease demonstrated on MRI and the presence or absence of facet joint osteoarthritis. The type of preoperative sagittal curvature could also be taken into account. This study reports the clinical results of LTDRs depending on the type of sagittal spinal alignment.
Material and methods
Eighty patients were included in this prospective study, with a mean age of 41.7years (range, 27–56years). The clinical analysis took into account the lumbar VAS, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the preoperative frequency of painkiller use, at 1year and at the last follow-up. The satisfaction index, return to work, and willingness to undergo the same treatment were also collected. The radiological study included the analysis of lumbar-pelvic parameters to distribute the patients according to the Roussouly classification.
The mean follow-up was 59.1months (range, 14–96months). The type 1 group included four cases. Reduction of the VAS, the ODI score, and the frequency of painkiller use at the last follow-up were significant in type 2 and 3 patients, and non-significant for type 4. Eighty-five percent of type 2 patients and 87.5% of type 3 patients were satisfied or very satisfied with the surgery versus only 68% of the type 4 patients. In addition, 63% of the type 4 patients declared they would be willing to undergo the same treatment again versus 85% of the type 2 patients and 82.5% of the type 3 patients. It should also be noted that 67% of the patients in this series returned to work.
Discussion and conclusion
This study underscores the influence of the type of sagittal curvature on the clinical results of LTDR, with type 4 patients showing inferior clinical results because of a higher rate of residual lower back pain. The indication in LTDR should be reconsidered for discogenic lower back pain in type 4 patients.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Lumbar total disc replacement, Clinical results, Sagittal spinal shape, Hyperlordosis, Roussouly classification