This article describes the development of the SOFMER Activity Scale (SAS), a new assessment of physical and cognitive activity.
The SAS allowed for describing the cognitive activity of patients in rehabilitation centers.
We found a large floor effect for the Activité de la Vie Quotidienne scale.
For hospitalizations in rehabilitation centers (RCs) in France, the quantification of healthcare givers’ activity is based on the dependency of the patients, defined as a total or partial inability to perform activities required for daily living without help. The tools currently used to quantify dependency are not sufficiently precise. Here we describe the construction of a new tool, the SOFMER Activity Score (SAS scoring), which allows for a good description of the level of activity of patients hospitalized in RCs, and a feasibility study of the tool.
After a study group proposed the first version of the SAS, the validity of its content was studied by the Delphi consensus method: 26 physicians or healthcare professionals known for their expertise in PMR responded to the first round. The feasibility study was prospective and involved multi-site professionals. Data related to the SAS determined by a multidisciplinary team were collected and compared to the Activité de la Vie Quotidienne (AVQ) scale, which is administered to all patients and included in medical and administrative data.
We included 81 patients in the feasibility study. The mean (SD) time to obtain the SAS was 4.5 (3.3) min. For 97.5% of scorings, the participating professionals judged that the SAS was compatible or fairly compatible with clinical practice. The internal structure of the SAS scale seemed better than that of the AVQ scale, for which the present study confirmed a floor effect for all items.
The SAS allows for measuring the level of physical and cognitive activity of a patient hospitalized in an RC. If validation studies for the SAS, exploring its reliability, construct validity or criterion validity, confirm the tool's good metrological qualities, the SAS will allow for a good quantification of the burden of care.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Activities of daily living, Rehabilitation centers, Feasibility study, Nursing assessment