To assess skill enhancement and maintenance by virtual-reality simulation of laparoscopic salpingectomy in gynecologic surgery fellows. Skill acquisition by virtual-reality surgical simulation is an active field of research and technological development. Salpingectomy is one of the first gynecologic surgery techniques taught to fellows that requires accompanied learning.
A single-center prospective study was performed in the University of Lyon, France, including 26 junior fellows (≤ 3 semesters’ internship) performing laparoscopic salpingectomy exercises on a LapSim® virtual reality simulator. Salpingectomy was performed and timed on 3 trials in session 1 and 3 trials in session 2, at a 3-month interval. Analysis was based on students’ subjective assessments and a senior surgeon’s objective assessment of skill. Progress between the 2 sessions was assessed on McNemar test and Wilcoxon test for matched series.
26 junior specialist trainees performed all trials. Most performed anterograde salpingectomy, both in session 1 (69 %) and session 2 (86 %). Mean procedure time was significantly shorter in session 2: 6.10min versus 7.82min (p=0.0003). There was a significant decrease in blood loss between the first trial in session 1 and the last trial in session 2: 167ml versus 70.3ml (p=0.02). Subjective assessment showed a significant decrease in anxiety and significant increase in perceived efficacy, eye-hand coordination and ergonomics. Efficacy, performance quality and speed of execution as assessed by the senior surgeon all improved significantly from trial to trial, while hesitation significantly decreased.
The study showed that junior trainees improved their surgical skills on a short laparoscopic exercise using a virtual reality simulator. Virtual reality simulation is useful in the early learning curve, accelerating the acquisition of reflexes. Maintaining skill requires simulation sessions at shorter intervals.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Abbreviation : VRS
Keywords : Laparoscopic salpingectomy, Simulation, Virtual reality simulator, Training, Teaching