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Smell and Taste Dysfunction in Pediatric Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infection - 12/10/22

Doi : 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2022.07.006 
Ruth Camila Púa Torrejón, MD a, , María Victoria Ordoño Saiz, MD a, Elena González Alguacil, MD a, Marta Furones García, MD b, Verónica Cantarín Extremera, MD a, María Luz Ruiz Falcó, MD a, Víctor Soto Insuga, MD a
a Hospital Infantil Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain 
b Hospital General de Villalba, Madrid, Spain 

Communications should be addressed to: Dr. Púa Torrejón; Hospital Infantil Niño Jesús.Hospital Infantil Niño Jesús

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Abstract

Introduction

Anosmia and hypogeusia are frequent symptoms in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in adults, but their incidence in children is unknown.

Objective

Describe the incidence and associated characteristics of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction in children with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Material and methods

Descriptive study carried out by telephone survey of patients aged between five and 18 years with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed between March and December, 2020.

Results

Two hundred eighty Spanish patients (female: 42.2%) with a mean age of 10.4 years (±3.54, range: 5 to 17) were analyzed, 22.5% with other diseases (mostly respiratory: 11.8%). The most frequent symptoms were fever (55.36%) and neurological symptoms (45.7%). Forty-four (15.7%) were hospitalized due to the infection, in intensive care unit (ICU): 7.1%. Forty-five patients (16.1%) had anosmia and/or hypogeusia: 32 both, eight with hypogeusia only, and five with exclusively anosmia. The mean symptom duration in days for anosmia was 36.4, and for hypogeusia it was 27.6. Either symptom was the initial manifestation in 15 patients. None had anosmia/hypogeusia with no other symptoms. Anosmia/hypogeusia was related to the presence of respiratory infection, gastroenteritis, chills, odynophagia, myalgia, asthenia, and anorexia, but not severity (hospitalization/ICU admission). Cohabitation with another infected individual was associated with a higher incidence of anosmia/hypogeusia (P = 0.041) and duration of anosmia (P = 0.006). The presence of anosmia/hypogeusia in cohabitants was associated with longer duration of anosmia (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

The incidence of anosmia/hypogeusia in children with SARS-CoV-2 was lower than that reported in adults, although with a longer duration. Although no association was found between anosmia/hypogeusia and greater disease severity, recognition of these symptoms could help identify paucisymptomatic patients.

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Keywords : Ageusia, Anosmia, Children, Coronavirus, Paucisymptomatic, SARS-CoV-2


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 Conflicts of interest: None.


© 2022  Elsevier Inc. Tous droits réservés.
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Vol 136

P. 28-33 - novembre 2022 Retour au numéro
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