Glenoid component fixation with an inferior tilt has been suggested to decrease scapular notching, but this remains controversial. We aimed here to evaluate the effect of glenoid component inferior tilt in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) on micromotion and loss of fixation of the glenoid component by biomechanical testing.
Increased inferior reaming of the glenoid for inferiorly tilted implantation of the glenoid component will decrease glenoid bone stock and compromise the fixation of RSA.
Materials and methods
The micromotions of the glenoid components attached to 14 scapulae from fresh frozen cadavers were measured and compared between neutral and 10° inferior tilts in 0.7- and 1-body weight cyclic loading tests using digital-image analysis. The incidence of bone breakage or loss of fixation was assessed in the 1-body weight fatigue-loading test.
Micromotion was higher with a 10° inferior tilt than with a neutral tilt during both the 0.7-body weight (36±11μm vs. 22±5μm; P=0.028) and 1-body weight (44±16μm vs. 28±9μm; P=0.045) cyclic loading. The incidence of bone breakage or loss of fixation was 17% and 60% with a neutral and 10° inferior tilt, respectively.
Glenoid component inferior tilt fixation in RSA may reduce primary stability and increase mechanical failure of the glenoid component, thereby reducing longevity of the prosthesis. Accordingly, we recommend careful placement of the glenoid component when an inferior tilt is used.
Level of evidence
Level III, Basic Science Study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Reverse total shoulder arthroplast, Glenoid component, Inferior tilt, Micromotion, Primary stability