NUT carcinoma in children, adolescents and young adults - 02/05/22
Carcinome NUT chez l’enfant, l’adolescent et le jeune adulte
NUT carcinoma (NC), defined by the presence of the NUTM1 rearrangement, is an aggressive tumour associated with poor prognosis. This rare cancer is underdiagnosed and difficult to treat.
Objective and methods
The primary objective of this review is to describe the clinical, radiological and laboratory features of NC in young patients. The secondary objective is to propose a consensual strategy for the French very Rare Tumour group (FRACTURE group).
NUT-specific antibody immunostaining in cases of undifferentiated or poorly differentiated carcinoma may demonstrate the specific NUT gene rearrangement. NCs are frequently advanced stage at diagnosis and the outcome remains poor despite a global strategy that generally includes conventional combination chemotherapy with wide local therapy (surgery, radiotherapy). Chemosensitivity is frequently only transient.
Recent data have shown that new targeted drugs (histone deacetylase and bromodomain and extra-terminal protein inhibitors) are promising, but their role has yet to be evaluated in NC. Centralized data review is necessary to improve our knowledge of paediatric NC. We propose a multimodal strategy based on published data and their personal experience.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : NUT carcinoma, Rare tumour, Midline carcinoma, Targeted therapies, Children, Bromodomain and Extra-Terminal (BET) protein, Histone deacetylase
Vol 109 - N° 4P. 491-504 - avril 2022 Retour au numéro
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